The goal of cosmetic surgery is to restore, reconstruct, or alter a body part. Dr. Mayur Goklani uses safe and innovative techniques to perform the plastic surgery procedure enabling a quick and faster recovery to normal day-to-day activities.

Almost any body part can be treated with cosmetic surgery, but it is not something to be taken lightly. Due to the permanence of the results, it is important to make an informed decision, find an appropriate practitioner, and have the right motivation.

A surgeon may refer a patient for counseling before surgery if he or she believes an underlying issue can't be solved through surgery or if the patient shows signs of Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD).

Some people suffering from BDD believe that something major is wrong with their appearance, despite objective evidence suggesting otherwise.

Plastic surgery also includes reconstructive surgery. In plastic surgery, a part of the body that has been damaged, such as a breast after a mastectomy, is restored to its normal appearance and function.

Types and uses

A variety of aesthetic procedures is available for different parts of the body.

Breast surgery

Breast implants can be used to increase the size of the breasts or for reconstructive surgery after breast augmentation. Body shape can be improved by breast surgery for women. Breast augmentation procedures include:

Breast augmentation procedure is traditionally performed using saline or silicone gel prosthetics, although fat grafting is now occasionally used. This procedure is performed if the woman feels her breasts are too small, if one breast is larger than the other, or if the breasts have changed after pregnancy or breastfeeding. As women age, their breasts may begin to droop due to the loss of elasticity in their skin. Breast enlargement can improve self-esteem and sexual orientation in some women. For others, there are still problems. Counseling is recommended before breast enhancement.

Breast reduction is often made to relieve physical discomfort; breast augmentation is more often done for aesthetic reasons. In women at high risk of breast cancer, breast reduction may also reduce their risk of the disease.

Mastopexy, or a breast lift, involves removing skin and glandular tissue from the breasts to make them smaller and rearranging the remaining tissue to lift the breast. Mastopexy can be combined with an implant, depending on how much volume a patient has lost. The procedure is similar to a breast reduction, but major health insurance companies do not usually cover mastopexy since it is not medically necessary.

Gynecomastia in men is treated with male breast reduction surgery. The procedure may be done by liposuction or with a scar pattern that is hidden around the nipple and areola.


In liposuction, thin tubes called cannulas are used to suction fat from various parts of the body, including the abdomen, thighs, buttocks, hips, arms, and neck. It is also possible to reduce the size of male breasts with liposuction.

Liposuction is performed using a range of tools, including mechanical, ultrasonic, and laser devices. Typically, fat is suctioned through a tube.

Depending on whether the patient will be discharged immediately after surgery or admitted to the hospital, there is a limit to the amount of fat that the surgeon can safely remove. Weight loss should not be the goal of liposuction. In the right patient, the goal is to improve contour and reduce localized fat deposits.

Despite the rarity of complications, they are possible. A hematoma is an accumulation of blood under the skin, an infection, changes in sensation, an allergic reaction, damage to the underlining structures, and unsatisfactory results. Patients should be informed of these factors prior to surgery. Diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure are not reduced by liposuction.

Vulvovaginal surgery

Labioplasty, labiaplasty, labia minor reduction, or labial reduction are terms used to describe female genital surgery. This procedure reduces elongated labia as part of a vaginoplasty. In terms of cosmetic vaginal procedures, there is a lack of clinical or scientific evidence to guide gynecological surgeons.

Body procedures

"Tummy tucks" or abdominoplasty reshape and firm the abdomen. Excess skin and fat is removed from the middle and lower abdomen to tighten the muscle and fascia of the abdominal wall.

This may be suitable after pregnancy or after losing a great deal of weight.

Other body contouring procedures

The purpose of buttock augmentation is to make the buttocks appear larger. In either case, the surgeon will either use liposuction or graft fat from another part of the patient's body. Occasionally, silicone implants may also be placed in the buttocks in a procedure known as the Brazilian Butt lift. In a buttock lift, excess skin from the hips, thighs, and buttocks is removed in order to tighten and lift these areas. In patients who have lost a great deal of weight, for example, after bariatric surgery, these procedures are often combined with abdominoplasty.

Facial cosmetic surgery

Eyelid surgery, or blepharoplasty, aims to reshape the eyelids. As we age, the skin becomes lax, and the upper lids can droop or hood, and the lower lids may appear bagged. Either functional or cosmetic eyelid surgery is possible. Excess skin and fat may be removed or repositioned, and surrounding muscles and tendons may be strengthened as well.

Surgical procedures can change the shape of the face or tighten the skin.

Rhinoplasty, or a "nose job," involves reshaping the patient's nose in order to improve its appearance and breathing. As part of the procedure, the tip of the nose may be reshaped, and the bony hump on the upper aspect may be reduced. It is often performed with small incisions that are well hidden, usually inside the nostrils. Rhinoplasty cannot be performed until the patient is at least 15 years old, to allow the cartilage and bone of the nose to fully mature. Otoplasty, or ear surgery, corrects prominent or misshapen ears by pinning the ear with sutures closer to the head or reshaping the cartilage. Both or one ear may be treated. Children usually undergo this procedure after the age of 5 or 6 years, as the ears have basically reached adult size by that time.

A rhytidectomy, or facelift, is designed to remove wrinkles and tighten facial skin so that the patient appears more youthful. Typically, the incisions are made behind and in front of the ears and extend into the hairline in the temple area. Excess skin is removed after the skin is lifted off the deeper facial tissues. Sutures are then used to close the incisions. Tightening may also be performed on deeper tissues of the face and neck. Blepharoplasty, or eyelid surgery, may be performed at the same time.

With a brow lift, browplasty, or forehead lift, drooping eyebrows can be raised and wrinkles on the forehead, or worry lines, removed. To achieve a more harmonious facial appearance, it is often combined with other cosmetic procedures.

A chin augmentation can improve the balance of facial features by making the chin more prominent. Depending on the measurements taken prior to surgery, it may be performed at the same time as rhinoplasty. The procedure is either done with a prosthetic implant or by manipulating the chin bone. Malar, or cheek, augmentation can make the cheekbones more prominent. Implants may be placed at the tops of the cheekbones.

Hair transplantation

Hair transplantation is a kind of cosmetic surgery. It helps restore hair growth. Hair follicles are harvested from the back of the scalp, where hair tends to be denser. Afterward, the grafts are transplanted with small incisions to the balding areas of the scalp.

To achieve the desired results, patients may require several sessions. In about three months, new hair will appear after the transplanted hair falls out after six weeks.

If you consider cosmetic surgery, you should quit smoking or using any tobacco products several months before your procedure since they can interfere with wound healing.


Plastic Surgery & Hand Surgery Superspeciality Clinic
Opp. Akashwani Kendra, near Shree Medical, Jalna Road, Aurangabad, Maharashtra 431001.

097653 52224 / 082080 22256